What is honey actually made of?

If honey is broken down into its components, it is structured as follows (the individual values ​​may vary depending on the type of honey):
  • 75-80% sugar (glucose, fructose etc.)
  • 15-18% water
  • 3% enzymes, minerals, vitamins, hormones etc.

It is precisely this 3% that is so crucial and makes the difference to other sweeteners. Honey is therefore not only a complex and easily digestible energy boost, but also the perfect carrier to pass these beneficial substances on to our body.

In many cultures, honey was not only valued as a sweetener, but also as a divine food with valuable health and care effects due to its many possible uses.

ingredients of honey

So far, over 240 naturally occurring substances have been detected in honey:

  • 24 different types of sugar
  • 27 amino acids, 12 enzymes
  • 10 vitamins
  • 12 minerals
  • over 160 different flavorings

The exact composition depends on which plants the bees collected the nectar or honeydew from. For example, rapeseed honey contains significantly more glucose (41.2%) than acacia honey (27.1%), but less fructose. Because honeys with a high glucose content solidify faster than honeys with a low glucose content, rapeseed honey hardens within a few weeks, while pure acacia honey can remain liquid for several years. Crystallization can be prevented by mechanical stirring, this is how the well-known cream honey is created, in which the sugar crystals are ground off and smaller.